Maintenance release for Kohana v3.3.x
This release is a bug fix release and it is a drop-in replacement of Kohana v3.3.5.
[Security] Core: Deprecate Security::strip_image_tags for security reasons, see #107
[Bugfix] Core: Query params are parsed correctly in both initial and subrequests
[Test] Make tests independent from application and OS locale
Other minor maintenance fixes...